General Training Reading - Section 1 This is the first section of the IELTS General Training Reading Test. It contains two pieces of writing. Read each piece and answer the questions. The time limits for this section is 20mins.
Read the following text and answer questions 1-8.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): First Aid Procedures
CPR can help save a life during an emergency. However, the American Heart Association has the following recommendations:
- For those untrained in CPR, provide hands-only CPR. This means uninterrupted chest compressions of 100 to 120 a minute until help arrives.
- For those who are trained and confident in their ability, check to see breathing and if there is a pulse. If there are no signs of breathing or a pulse, begin chest compressions. Start CPR with 30 chest compressions before giving two rescue breaths.
- For those who have received training in the past but are unsure of their skills, do chest compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 a minute until help arrives
Procedure for CPR
Before beginning CPR
- Check the scene and the person if they are unconscious. Ask if they are okay.
- If the person does not respond and there is someone else available, get them to call the local emergency number and ask another person to get an AED (defibrillator). If an AED is not available, begin to check for breathing. Listen carefully for 10 seconds. If there is no breathing, begin CPR.
- Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
- Kneel next to the person’s neck and shoulders.
- Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest, between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Interlock your fingers. Keep your elbows straight and position your hands above your shoulders.
- Use your upper body weight to push straight down on the chest (compressions) at least 2 inches but not greater than 2.4 inches. Push hard at a rate of about 100-120 compressions per minute. This is around 2 compressions per second.
- Continue compressions until help arrives or the person starts to show signs of regaining consciousness, such as coughing, opening their eyes, speaking, or breathing normally.
- If you are feeling tired and someone nearby can take over while waiting for help to arrive, instruct them on how to continue.
- If you are trained in CPR and you already performed 30 chest compressions, open the person's airway using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. Put your palm on the person's forehead and gently tilt the head back. Then with the other hand, gently lift the chin forward to open the airway.
- Deliver two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does not, repeat the head-tilt maneuver before giving the second breath. Thirty compressions followed by two rescue breaths is considered as one cycle.
- Continue CPR until there are signs of breathing or emergency medical personnel arrive.
Complete the sentences below. Choose no more than three words from the text for each answer.
In an emergency, those who are skilled in CPR can check for signs of __________
If the person does not respond to questions, get someone else to call the __________
If there are no signs of breathing or movement, __________
Place the heel of one hand over the center of __________
__________ on the chest at least 2 inches, but not greater than 2.4 inches.
Continue compressions until __________
If you are feeling tired, instruct someone how __________ , while waiting for help to arrive.
Continue CPR until __________
1 out of 2
Read the text below and answer questions 9–14.
Short Courses: Personal and Professional Development
Designed to teach adults to manage stress through creative art journaling. Gain self-awareness, organize one’s thoughts, and put everything on paper. In this course, students will journal experiences and memories in a creative manner, so they can better understand themselves and perform better at work.
12th December 5–7PM
Painting in Oils and Acrylics
This course will provide students with a comprehensive understanding of oils and acrylics including color theory, composition, light and shadows, contrast, and glazing. Recommended for beginners.
15th December 9AM–2.30PM
New Parent Education
Understand the popular and well-accepted theories of early childhood and development. Related topics such as communication, nutrition, discipline, and time management are included as well.
15th or 27th December 6-9PM
Effective Business Writing
Learn how to improve your career and business prospects by creating powerfully written documents that will engage your target audience.
1st or 8th or 15th January 6-9PM
Take the fear out of talking to potential customers so you can turn them into a long-term clients. Gain the experience and know-how that will empower you with better communication skills.
12th or 13th or 14th January 6-9PM
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the text? Answer True, False or Not given to questions 9–14.
if the statement agrees with the information
if the statement contradicts the information
if there is no information on this
Creative Journaling is for those in secondary school.
Creative Journaling is proven by science to reduce stress.
Painting in Oils and Acrylics is recommended for advanced students.
The New Parent Education course is for those interested to learn about early childhood and development.
Effective Business Writing helps businesses craft compelling content for their websites.
The Effective Selling class helps empower students.
2 out of 2
Remember, there are three sections to the Reading test and you have 60 minutes to complete all three!
You have completed the first section of your Reading test. Now move on to Section 2, questions 15–28.